Yoga is the physical, mental and spiritual practices which originated in ancient India with a view to attain a state of permanent peace of mind in order to experience one’s true self. “Yoga” comes from the Sanskrit word yug, meaning “union”.
The ultimate goal of yoga is Moksha (liberation) through the exact definition of what form this takes depends on the philosophical or theological system with which it is conjugated.
Branches of yoga
- Bhakti yoga : devotion to selfless service and love
- Mantra yoga : using soundsm , chants, music in yoga
- Karma yogayour actions, volunteer work, selfless acts of kindness
- Laya yoga : tantric practices, kundalini yoga, healing practices as you share breath with another
- Raja yoga : the yoga of royalty – the eight fold path
- 8 fold path of raja yoga
- Yama : external moral/ethical discipline
- Niyama : internal moral / ethical strength
- Asana : yogic postures
- Pranayama : proper breathing for vital energy
- Pratyahara : withdrawal of senses from the external world to internalize the consciousness for meditation
- Dharana : concentration or extended metal focusing, fundamental to yogic meditation
- Dhayana : process of meditation, the principle practice of bringing the mind to ideate on oneness.
- Samadhi : experience of unitive consciousness , so as to feel inwardly one with the feeling of infinite peace / cosmic consciousness.
- Kriya yoga : yoga of ritual action
- Jnana yoga : yoga of intellect, study of scriptures, intellectual thinking and discussions, study groups.
There are different yoga techniques, The most common among them are :
- Surya namaskar : it is a salutation to the sun. it is known to ease stress and give you peace of mind besides increasing the levels of concentration.
- Dhyana (Meditation): it is the state of wherein there are no sensor thoughts. It leads to a deeper level of relaxation, reduce anxiety, decreases muscle tension and headache.
- Pranayama: it means “a pause in the movement of breath”. It increases the spiritual power and confers cheerfulness and inner peace.
Benefits of Yoga
- Challenges the mind and body Increases flexibility and stamina
- Builds strength (strengthens the major muscle groups support the weight of the body)
- Improves balance and concentration Improves circulation Improves posture and alignment less fatigue
- Promotes relaxation
- Benefits the internal organs, glands, and muscles
- Teaches people how to be more in tune with their bodies
- Teaches people how to be more aware of the mind-body connection
- Many studies have determined the effectiveness of yoga as a complementary intervention for cancer , asthma and heart disease.
Yoga, as a mindfulness practice, can help correct basic limitations of mind by improving self awareness, self control and self esteem.
Meditation is an experience of relaxing the body, quieting the mind, and awakening the spirit. It is a tool to help solve problems and achieve goals in our daily lives. Real meditation is getting absorbed i our most inner self. (You may call it God, Higher Self, Holy Spirit, etc.)
Vedic Life meditation is simple effortless natural technique of meditation. It is different from other and in it not allow to sit in a complicated or uncomfortable position. It provide deep state of rest nf body and mind which more than twice near to deep state of sleep. It provide rest to nervous System and produce more energy to nervous system for doing more work.
Types of Meditation
All forms of meditation can be classified into one or a combination of four categories:
- Concentrative (The most commonly used form)
Benefits of Meditation
- The physical, emotional, psychological, and spiritual benefits might include: higher levels of energy, creativity, and spontaneity
- lower blood pressure
- increased exercise tolerance better concentration decreased stress, depression and anxiety
- fewer cravings for alcohol and cigarettes
- increased job satisfaction
- Better relationships with others.